Complete Guide to an Eco Friendly BBQ

Summer is synonymous with BBQ season. The tantalising aroma of grilled food fills the air, drawing families and friends together.

However, as we enjoy these outdoor culinary pleasures, it’s essential to consider their environmental impact.

The good news is that we can have our BBQ and eat it, too – in an eco-friendly way.

This guide will explore how to host a more Eco friendly BBQ without sacrificing the taste and joy that come with it.

Grill: Choosing Eco-Friendly Options

Lump Charcoal vs. Briquettes: An Eco-Friendly Debate

The fuel you use in your grill plays a significant role in its environmental impact.

Charcoal grills, especially the ones using lump charcoal, are often considered more eco-friendly.

Lump charcoal is typically made from pure, untreated wood, making it a cleaner-burning fuel.

It produces less ash and fewer harmful by-products than traditional charcoal briquettes.

However, not all lump charcoal is created equal.

Some brands may not source their wood sustainably, leading to deforestation.

Therefore, it’s crucial to choose lump charcoal brands that ensure the wood is sustainably sourced, such as those certified by the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC).

Gas or Electric: The Case for Cleaner Fuels

While charcoal grills have their merits, gas and electric grills offer a cleaner alternative.

Gas grills, whether powered by natural gas or propane, emit fewer pollutants than charcoal grills.

They also provide the convenience of easy ignition and temperature control.

Electric grills, on the other hand, offer the cleanest option.

They do not produce any direct emissions, making them ideal for eco-conscious grillers.

However, it’s crucial to note that the environmental impact of electric grills largely depends on how the electricity is generated.

If the source is renewable, such as solar or wind power, the grill can be considered truly eco-friendly.

Menu: Plant-Based Options for a Sustainable BBQ

Mixture of plant-based foods cooking on a bbq

The Impact of Meat

The choice of food for your BBQ significantly impacts its environmental footprint.

Meat, especially beef, contributes to a sizable chunk of global greenhouse gas emissions.

According to figures from Our World in Data, a kilogram of beef is responsible for ten times the greenhouse gas emissions as the same weight of chicken and 150 times more emissions than the same weight of root vegetables.

Embracing Plant-Based Choices

To significantly reduce the environmental impact of your BBQ, consider a plant-based or predominantly plant-based menu.

From veggie burgers and kebabs to grilled corn and portobello mushrooms, there’s no shortage of delicious plant-based options that deliver the smoky, grilled flavour we all love.

Brands like Beyond Meat offer plant-based burgers that mimic the texture and taste of meat, offering a viable alternative for meat lovers.

Accessories: Choosing Sustainable BBQ Tools

Bearded man holding bbq tool in each hand

Eco-Friendly Grill Kits

Eco-friendly grill kits are an excellent investment for sustainable BBQs.

These kits typically include all the essential grilling tools, such as a multipurpose flipper, basting brush, knife, and hot mitt, all housed in a unique carry case.

Choosing products that can be reused rather than disposed of reduces waste generation and the demand for new products.

Avoiding Single-Use Items

Single-use plates and cutlery are convenient but contribute significantly to landfill waste.

Instead of disposable items, opt for reusable cutlery and plates. If you’re worried about your kitchenware getting damaged, consider investing in bamboo bowls and cutlery.

Bamboo is a fast-growing, sustainable material that offers an eco-friendly alternative to plastic.

Waste: Minimising and Managing BBQ Waste

Bin is overfilled with rubbish and  rubbish around the bin left on the floor in a forest

Composting Your Scraps

Composting is an excellent way to manage BBQ waste, particularly food scraps. Instead of throwing away leftover fruits and vegetables, toss them into your compost bin.

Composting not only reduces landfill waste but also provides nutrient-rich soil for your garden.


Proper waste segregation and recycling are crucial in minimising the environmental impact of your BBQ.

Encourage your guests to dispose of their waste correctly by providing clearly labeled recycling bins.

Fuel: Choosing Sustainable BBQ Charcoal

One red, green and yellow pepper sitting on top of the coal

Charcoal is a popular choice for BBQs due to the unique, smoky flavor it imparts.

However, traditional charcoal production often involves deforestation and contributes to greenhouse gas emissions.

To make your BBQ more eco-friendly, opt for sustainable charcoal alternatives.

The Case for UK-Grown Charcoal

In the UK, nearly 98% of the charcoal bought is imported, often from areas with high deforestation rates.

To make a more sustainable choice, look for charcoal with the ‘Grown in Britain’ logo, indicating that the wood used was sourced from well-managed UK woodlands.

Eco-Friendly Charcoal Brands

Several brands offer eco-friendly charcoal alternatives.

For instance, The Oxford Charcoal Company sources 98% of its wood from Forestry Commission-approved woodland.

Cooking: Eco-Friendly Grilling Practices

Energy Conservation

Being energy conscious is a cornerstone of eco-friendly grilling.

Turn off the grill when not in use and only use as much fuel as necessary.

If your grill heats up instantly, you can afford to turn it off between cooking different batches of food.

Keeping the Lid On

Keeping the grill lid on while cooking can make your BBQ more eco-friendly.

Not only does it speed up cooking and ensure even heat distribution, but it also reduces fuel usage.

If you’re using a gas grill, remember to turn down the heat when not in use.

Alternatives: Exploring Other Eco-Friendly Grilling Options

Man cooking food on an electric bbq grill in the garden with two young children playing behind him

Solar Grilling

As an exotic alternative to conventional grills, solar grills offer an eco-friendly solution.

These grills or ‘solar cookers‘ use the sun’s energy to cook food.

While they may not provide the traditional BBQ experience, solar grills offer a unique, environmentally friendly way to enjoy outdoor cooking.

Electric Grilling

Electric grills are another eco-friendly alternative to traditional grills.

These grills do not produce direct emissions and can be powered by renewable energy sources.

The growing popularity of electric grills reflects a shift towards more sustainable outdoor cooking practices.

Clean-Up: Eco-Friendly Ways to Clean Your Grill

Cleaning your grill doesn’t have to involve harsh chemicals.

Simple household items like baking soda, dish soap and vinegar, can effectively clean your grill without harming the environment.

Future: Trends in Eco-Friendly Grilling

The trend towards eco-friendly grilling is set to continue, with the electric grill market projected to grow at an average rate of 7% per year for the rest of the decade.

This growth reflects a growing awareness and commitment to sustainable living practices.


Adopting eco-friendly grilling practices doesn’t mean giving up on the joy of a BBQ.

On the contrary, it enhances the experience, knowing that you’re doing your part to protect the environment.

So the next time you fire up the grill, remember these tips and enjoy an eco-friendly BBQ that’s good for you and the planet.

By making small, thoughtful changes to our grilling practices, we can significantly reduce the environmental impact of our BBQs.

Whether it’s choosing sustainable fuels, adopting energy-efficient grilling practices, or opting for plant-based menu options, every little bit counts.

After all, the essence of a great BBQ lies not just in the food but in the shared commitment to a sustainable future.


  • Zero & Zen

    Dedicated to the cause of sustainability and eco-friendliness, our mission is to raise awareness about the importance of eco-conscious living.

    We firmly believe that individual actions can spark collective change and recognise the need for sustainable living to be tailored to your unique circumstances and pace.

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